Incontinence Glossary

LEAKAGE glossary

Adverse event – Complication or side effect that may result from a procedure, surgery or a device

Bladder – Balloon-like organ in the lower abdomen where urine is stored

Botox – Injected into the bladder with a cystoscope to treat OAB

Bulkamid – Bulkamid is an injectable soft-tissue urethral bulking agent for SUI delivered with a procedure

Catheter – A temporary flexible tube to drain urine from thecbladder

Continence – The term continence is used when the individual has control of their bladder

Cystoscope – A small instrument with a viewing camera used by the doctor to view the urethra and bladder

Dual Incontinence – When a person suffer from both FI and UUI. Both can be treated with SNM.

eCoin Tibial Implant – The eCoin is FDA approved for urge urinary incontinence. It  is a nickel-sized, pacemaker-like device implanted into the lower leg to stimulate the tibial nerve.

Fecal Incontinence (FI) – Leakage of stool

Mid-urethral Sling – Surgical placement of synthetic Mesh in a strap-like fashion under the urethra to treat SUI

Mixed Urinary Incontinence (MUI) – When a female suffered from both SUI and UUI.  The symptom that lowers quality of life more should be treated first.

Neuromodulation – Therapy in which the nerves of the bladder and pelvic floor are targeted in order to improve symptoms

Nocturia – Needing to urinate one or more times during sleeping hours

Overactive Bladder (OAB) – Urinary urgency, usually with frequency and nocturia, and sometime with urinary urge incontinence

Pecutaneous Tibial Nerve Stimulation (PTNS) – Office treatment using a needle placed at the lower leg with stimulation applied for 30 minutes to treat OAB.

Sacral Neuromodulation (SNM) – Implantation of a small device in 2 phases at the sacrum that send small electrical impulses to the nerves that control both the bladder and bowels.  This therapy improves OAB and FI.

Stress Urinary Incontinence (SUI) – Urine leakage with physical activity such a laughing, sneezing, lifting or exercise

Top-up Injection – When a repeat Bulkamid injection is performed shortly after the initial therapy to improve incontinence/satisfaction

Urethra – Tube from the bladder to the outside of the body that urine passes through during urination

Urethral Bulking – injection of a material into the urethra to reduce the urethral tube size to reduce SUI but still allow for normal voiding when desired

Urinary Frequency – Urinating 8 or more times per day

Urinary Urge Incontinence (UUI) – Urinary leakage that occurs with the sudden, strong desire to urinate

Urinary Urgency – A sudden strong desire to urinate which is difficult to defer

Urodynamics – Test performed in the office using a machine to evaluate how well your bladder fills and empties.  It also objectively defines why one leaks (SUI vs OAB vs MUI)